The Basics of Water Well Pump Installation
The water well pump is one of the most important components of a home’s water system. It pumps water from the ground to the house, usually at a rate of 8-12 gallons per minute (GPM).
A good water well pump is vital to the health of your entire home. It can also help you save money on your water bill by ensuring the pressure in your pipe and pressure system is high enough to drive the water to your faucets and appliances.
Whether you need to replace your current water well pump or are installing one for the first time, it is crucial to know what goes into the process. This way, you can choose the best pump for your situation and avoid costly mistakes that could harm your well system or cause other issues down the road.
Pump Type and Size
There are three types of well pumps: submersible, jet and turbine. Each is made of different parts and has a specific purpose for delivering water to your house.
Submersible pumps draw water into the pump’s body through a series of impellers, which rotate and push the water up the pump’s pipe. The piping then exits the well casing and travels into the home’s plumbing system.
Installing a Well Pump
While it is possible to DIY a water well pump installation, it is wise to call a professional who has the necessary knowledge and tools to do the job properly. This will protect the well and other pump and piping components, and keep you from paying for repairs later on.
A pro can also ensure that your water well pump is installed on a sturdy base and foundation, which is important for the long term health of the pump. If the pump is not mounted on a strong foundation, it may end up being damaged by water or the weight of other buried equipment.
It is also important to choose a suitable pipe for your well pump’s piping needs. Not only will this ensure proper strength, it will also protect your pump from the corrosive environment of the well and keep water flowing at peak efficiency.
The pipe must be of sufficient length to carry the weight of the pump, and be able to stand up to the conditions the well will experience over the life of the well’s service. This includes not only the pressure of the well, but also the temperature changes.
Choosing the Right Pipe
While the pipe you select for your water well pump installation is a very personal decision, it should be based on the following considerations:
Pump and Wire Connections
The wires coming out of your new well pump are often not the same as those used by your old pump. This means you will need to splice them together, and make sure the colors match the motor wires that came with your pump.
Splicing can be done with the help of a soldering iron and copper wire. It is advisable to cover the connections with waterproof heat-shrink tubing to prevent damage from corrosion.